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Cztery Żywioły Bliskiego Wschodu

Trzeci wykład: Woda, czyli najcenniejszy surowiec, Wojny o wodę w przeszłości: źródła Jordanu, eksploatacja Eufratu, susza w Syrii. Kryzysy wodne dziś: wysychające jeziora: Kineret i Morze Martwe, plany kanału Red-Dead.

 

Zachęcamy do zadawania pytań związanych z poruszoną tematyką. Pytania do trzeciego wykładu można zgłaszać do dnia 19 listopada (czwartek) w komentarzach na Facebooku oraz na naszego maila: Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie w przeglądarce obsługi JavaScript. – Konstanty Gebert udzieli na nie odpowiedzi przed następnym wykładem.

 

Źródła:

Dead Sea Ecological Disaster By I, Hoshana, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2477057

Red-Dead https://www.israelscienceinfo.com/en/environnement/canal-mer-morte-mer-rouge-les-travaux-vont-demarrer-en-2018/

Med-Dead https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://www.greenprophet.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/hydro-pump-sea.jpg&imgrefurl=https://www.greenprophet.com/2012/01/med-dead-red-canal-israel/&h=326&w=569&tbnid=PfD_6Um8QInKLM&q=dead+med+canal&tbnh=77&tbnw=134&usg=AI4_-kTcGFwPh44Uksne3pqCnGekHTvogA&vet=1&docid=VtgzFeJkbpLoOM&client=firefox-b-d&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi0oc6opOHsAhWhtIsKHWPOCrgQ9QEwAXoECAYQBA#spf=1604231886307

Syria Rainfall https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://ipad.fas.usda.gov/highlights/2008/05/images/Syria_wheat_rain_maps_may08.jpg&imgrefurl=https://ipad.fas.usda.gov/highlights/2008/05/Syria_may2008.htm&h=338&w=600&tbnid=mJMBjuugIlRR6M&q=rainfall+syria+usda&tbnh=76&tbnw=135&usg=AI4_-kS9-IQ5-3YaZM-so5mO07v4bKRKKA&vet=1&docid=c_ayf3xaxGN4sM&client=firefox-b-d&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi73LzwoeHsAhUsx4UKHXuqA44Q9QEwAHoECAYQBA#spf=1604230928988

Syria Crops https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Full_Report_3074.pdf

Syrian-Israeli Frontier https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/resources/mappingpeace.pdf

Djibuti

https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fpbs.twimg.com%2Fmedia%2FDXnmHTcX4AIcqrM.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Ftwitter.com%2Fthomasvlinge%2Fstatus%2F971060217738907649&tbnid=MwHSVCvHT--EfM&vet=12ahUKEwi9mZnf4M_sAhWPuCoKHRRcCtYQMygMegUIARC_AQ..i&docid=PCm6QFWsvxlt3M&w=1024&h=512&q=djibouti%20military%20bases%20map&client=firefox-b-d&ved=2ahUKEwi9mZnf4M_sAhWPuCoKHRRcCtYQMygMegUIARC_AQ#spf=1603629405863

East Med. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2F__origami%2Fservice%2Fimage%2Fv2%2Fimages%2Fraw%2Fhttps%253A%252F%252Fd6c748xw2pzm8.cloudfront.net%252Fprod%252Fcdcbba30-c849-11ea-8543-3dea147029b8-standard.png%3Fdpr%3D1%26fit%3Dscale-down%26quality%3Dhighest%26source%3Dnext%26width%3D700&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcontent%2F69a222d4-b37c-4e7e-86dc-4f96b226416d&tbnid=CGTrX7LvsKjgfM&vet=10CKgBEDMotQFqFwoTCJj0qJTWw-wCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAC..i&docid=WKGzobITg2rbeM&w=700&h=785&q=oil%20gas%20middle%20east%20map&client=firefox-b-d&ved=0CKgBEDMotQFqFwoTCJj0qJTWw-wCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAC#spf=1603214318606

Qatar https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fsouthfront.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F09%2F2-167.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fsouthfront.org%2Fmiddle-east-asia-geopolitics-shift-military-alliances%2F&tbnid=TD8WOO96T8L7vM&vet=10CBwQMyjcAWoXChMImPSolNbD7AIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAM..i&docid=TY4YgkmTeStktM&w=464&h=504&q=oil%20gas%20middle%20east%20map&client=firefox-b-d&ved=0CBwQMyjcAWoXChMImPSolNbD7AIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAM#spf=1603214561803

Water stress https://ecfr.eu/archive/page/-/Water_Stress.png

Water resources in Israel https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/drought/sdut-israel-drought-water-reclamation-2015jun16-story.html

Water resources MEA https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fenterprise.press%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2018%2F07%2FMEA-Water-Map-web.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fenterprise.press%2Fstories%2F2018%2F07%2F10%2Fwater-is-more-precious-than-oil-in-the-middle-east%2F&tbnid=vksHvKvk5ur1-M&vet=10CIwBEDMojwJqFwoTCJDA2fKq1ewCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAD..i&docid=meGoW6-g0d5OxM&w=1600&h=1688&q=middle%20east%20water&client=firefox-b-d&ved=0CIwBEDMojwJqFwoTCJDA2fKq1ewCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAD

Nile Conflict https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.swp-berlin.org%2Fpublications%2Fassets%2FComment%2F2020C11%2Fimages%2F2020C11_NileConflict_001.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.swp-berlin.org%2F10.18449%2F2020C11%2F&tbnid=r4Kr8TbvRgB1nM&vet=12ahUKEwiT1Mu3stXsAhVQxioKHY1NCBkQMygcegUIARDiAQ..i&docid=KvVH4AMp2g-1MM&w=2807&h=1731&q=nile%20river%20GERD%20map&hl=en&client=firefox-b-d&ved=2ahUKEwiT1Mu3stXsAhVQxioKHY1NCBkQMygcegUIARDiAQ

Illisu Dam https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.middleeasteye.net%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fstyles%2Fwysiwyg_large%2Fpublic%2Fimages%2FIllisu-dam.png%3Fitok%3DOX9XRPB2&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.middleeasteye.net%2Ffr%2Fnews%2Fturkey-ilisu-dam-water-environment-1719363083&tbnid=mNSe4pz2SVvSmM&vet=12ahUKEwiXj7HustXsAhXSySoKHXy9A6oQMygNegUIARCvAQ..i&docid=wlHZjfXbLrrBvM&w=620&h=336&q=hasankeyf%20dam%20map&hl=en&client=firefox-b-d&ved=2ahUKEwiXj7HustXsAhXSySoKHXy9A6oQMygNegUIARCvAQ

Israel Lebanon https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2F2.bp.blogspot.com%2F-9LYkYq89zC0%2FWn6eU5uD54I%2FAAAAAAAAJyQ%2FMfDVJ_g495US6MFcb_p5VRFV-xaegXYFgCEwYBhgL%2Fs1600%2FIsrael_Lebanon_Dispute_Map-Gas-Fields_TEKMOR.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Ftekmormonitor.blogspot.com%2F2018%2F02%2Fisrael-says-seeks-diplomatic-solution.html&tbnid=twiXuAr5o-uIoM&vet=10CA8QxiAoAmoXChMIsPX5qrnV7AIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAI..i&docid=NXwFfgpt_V_GMM&w=702&h=493&itg=1&q=israel%20lebanon%20eez&client=firefox-b-d&ved=0CA8QxiAoAmoXChMIsPX5qrnV7AIVAAAAAB0AAAAAEAI

Judean Desert https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fi.ytimg.com%2Fvi%2FpFwi00xr70A%2Fmaxresdefault.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DpFwi00xr70A&tbnid=9I0EjxWlF_HzVM&vet=12ahUKEwiC9reDv9XsAhXFzioKHTu3DagQMygDegUIARC0AQ..i&docid=Br1wNkmMUm5saM&w=1280&h=720&itg=1&q=mount%20of%20olives%20judean%20desert&client=firefox-b-d&ved=2ahUKEwiC9reDv9XsAhXFzioKHTu3DagQMygDegUIARC0AQ

 

 

 

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